This List of Acronyms and other Abbreviations was compiled from the coral, coral reef, marine tropical ecosystems, and related peer-reviewed literature, grey literature, and other written and electronic reports, including e-mail messages. The terms on the list number nearly 3,600 (as of February 2010) and continue to grow on a daily to weekly basis. CoRIS invites readers to suggest additional acronyms and abbreviations via or

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Acronyms A - Z Pages

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A Adenine
A/D Analog/Digital
A3H Activities and Attractions Association of Hawaii
AA Alien Algae
AA Assistant Administrator
AA Atomic Absorption
AA Awareness and Appreciation
AA Awareness and Appreciation Team (SEFCRI)
AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AACL Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation and Legislation
AAFC Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
AAG American Association of Geographers
AAL Average Annual Loss
AAPA American Association of Port Authorities
AAPG American Association of Petroleum Geologists
AAR Amino Acid Racemization
AARNet Australian Academic and Research Network
AAS Alternate Air Source
AAS Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
AATAMS Australian Acoustic Tagging and Monitoring System
AAUS American Academy of Underwater Sciences
ABC Acceptable Biological Catch
ABC ATP Binding Cassette
ABE Autonomous Benthic Explorer
ABH Adaptive Bleaching Hypothesis
ABI Advanced Baseline Imager
ABI Association of Biodiversity Informatics (now natureserve)
ABIF Australian Biodiversity Information Facility
ABL Auk Bay Laboratory (NOAA)
ABM Australian Bureau of Meteorology
ABNJ Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
ABS Animal behavior Society
ABS Access and Benefit-sharing
ABT Actual Bottom Time
ACAP Association for the Conservation of Albatross and Petrels
ACC Adapting to Climate Change (UNEP)
ACC Antarctic Circumpolar Current
ACC Anthropogenic Climate Change
ACC African Conservation Centre (Kenya)
ACCC Adaptation to Climate Change in the Caribbean
ACCCA Advancing Capacity for Climate Change Adaptation
ACCE Atlantic Circulation and Climate Experiment
ACCESS Accelerated Coastal Community Environmental Science Service
ACCOBAMS Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area
ACCP Atlantic Climate Change Program
ACCSP Australian Climate Change Science Programme
ACCSP Atlantic Coastal Cooperative Statistics Program (NOAA)
ACCSTR Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research (University of Florida)
ACD Aragonite Compensation Depth
ACDEC Authority for the Conservation and Development of Culebra (PR)
ACE Aerosol Characterization Experiment
ACE Army Corps of Engineers
ACE American Conservation Experience
ACE Advisory Committee on Ecosystems (ICES)
ACES Alabama Center for Estuarine Studies
ACES Atlantic Coral Ecosystem Study (European Commission)
ACF Australian Conservation Foundation
ACFM Advisory Committee on Fisheries Management (ICES)
ACFR Advisory Committee on Fisheries Research (FAO)
ACh Acetylcholine
AChE Acetylcholinesterase
ACIA Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
ACIAR Australian Center for International Agriculture Research
ACL Annual Catch Limit
ACLG Annual Catch Limit Working Group
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ACM Acoustic Current Meter
ACME Advisory Committee on the Marine Environment
ACME Aquatic Cycling of Mercury in the Everglades
ACMIC Cocos Island Marine Conservation Area (Costa Rica)
ACMP Advisory Committee on Marine Pollution (ICES)
ACMRR Advisory Committee of Experts on Marine Resources Research
ACN Aquatic Conservation Network
ACO Aloha Cabled Observatory
ACOE Army Corps of Engineers
ACON A Contouring Application Mapper
ACOPS Advisory Committee on Protection of the Sea
ACP Area Contingency Plan
ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific (States)
ACQ Aquaculture
ACRE Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth
ACRMN Agatti Coral Reef Monitoring Network
ACRO Aquarius Coral Reef Observatory
ACROS Aquarium and Coral Reef Organization of Sarasota
ACRRE Aquarius Coral Restoration and Resilience Experiments
ACRS Australian Coral Reef Society
ACS Association of Caribbean States
ACS American Chemical Society
ACS American Cetacean Society
ACS US Census Bureau’s Census and the American Community Survey
ACSPO Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Oceans
ACT Alliance for Coastal Technologies (NOAA)
ACT Annual Catch Target
ADA American Dental Association
ADAPT ATRIS Data Analysis and Processing Tool
ADB Asian Development Bank
ADC Affiliated Data Center
ADC Analog Digital Converter
ADCP Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing Satellite
ADEPD Atlantic Data Base for Exchange Processes at the Deep Sea Floor
ADF Approximate Degrees of Freedom
ADFG Alaska Department of Fish and Game
ADIOS Automated Data Inquiry for Oil Spills
ADIOS 2 Automated Data Inquiry for Oil Spills, ver.2
ADL Alexandria Digital Library (USCB)
ADM Assessment for Decision-Makers
ADMB Automatic Differentiation Model Builder
ADMP Adaptive Decision-Making Process
ADP Adenosine diphosphate
ADS Solid Waste Authority of Puerto Rico
ADT     Actual DIve Time
ADW Adriatic Deep Water
ADW Animal Diversity Web
AECID Agencia Espanola de Cooperacion Internacional para el Desarrollo (Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development)
AEE/PREPA Electrical Authority/Puerto Rico Energy and Power Authority
AEF Arab Environment Facility
AEFW Acropora Eating Flat Worms
AENSI American-Eurasian Network for Scientific Information
AEPC African Environmental Protection Commission
AEPS Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy
AESOP Automated Electronic System for Ocean Pollution
AEWA African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement
AF Attached Fragment
AF Adaptation Fund
AFA American Fisheries Act
AFB Air Force Base
AFCD Agriculture, Fisheries, and Conservation Department (Hong Kong)
AFD Agence Franciase De Developpment; French Development Agency
AFDM Ash-Free Dry Mass
AFDM Medium Auxiliary Floating Dry Dock
AFDW Ash-Free Dry Weight
AFED Arab Forum for Environment and Development
AFEN Atlantic Frontier Environmental Network (UK)
AFES Atmospheric Model for the Earth Simulator
AFLP Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism
AFM Atomic Force Microscopy
AFOs Animal Feeding Operations
AFPI American Flag Pacific Islands
AFS Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry
AFS Air Force Station
AFS American Fisheries society
AFSC Alaska Fisheries Science Center (NOAA)
AFSIRS Agricultural Field Scale Irrigation Requirements Simulation
AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Agreement
AFWTA Atlantic Fleet Weapons Training Area
AG Australian Government
AG Academic Globalization
AGCI Atlantic Global Change Institute (BIOS)
AGCM Atmosphere General Circulation Models
AGE Arterial Gas Embolism
AGEA Art of Gene Expression Analysis
AGI American Geological Institute
AGM Annual Guidance Memorandum (NOAA)
AgMIP Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project
AGRA Atlantic and Gulf Reef Assessment
AGRF Australian Genome Research Facility
AGRRA Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment
AGTP Absolute Global Temperature Potential
AGU American Geophysical Union
AGW Accelerated Global Warming
AGW Anthropogenic Global Warming
AGW Anti-Global Warming
AGWA Alliance for Global Water Adaptation
AGWP Absolute Global Warming Potential
AHCR Aquatic Habitat Conservation and Restoration (FWC Florida)
AHI Acoustic Habitat Investigator
AHO Australian Hydrographic Office
AHPS Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (NOAA)
AHTEG Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group
AIBER Agatti Island Beach Resort
AIBS American Institute of Biological Sciences
AIC All Islands Coral Reef Committee (U.S.)
AIC Akaike Information Criterion
AICAL Acidification Impact on CALcifiers (Japan)
AICE-AP Advisory Panel on Anthropogenic Influences on Coastal Ecosystems (PICES)
AICG Aleutian Islands Coral Gardens
AIDE Association d'Intervention pour le Developpmentet l'Environnement
AIM Asia-Pacific Integrated Model
AIMF Australia-Indonesia Ministerial Forum
AIMS Australian Institute of Marine Science
AIP Archival Information Package
AIRD Aquatic Invasions Research Directory (SI)
AIS Automatic Identification System
AIS Aquatic Invasive Species
AISA Airborne Imaging Spectroradiometer for Applications
AIWW Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
AKEPT Higher Education Leadership Academy (Malaysia)
AKFIN Alaska Fisheries Information Network
AKFSC Alaska Fisheries Science Center
AKR Alaska Region
AKRO Alaska Regional Office
ALA Atlas of Living Australia
ALACE Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer
ALDFG Abandoned, Lost or Otherwise Discarded Fishing Gear
ALDH Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
ALIDES Alliance for Sustainable Development for Central America
ALISH Agricultural Lands of Importance to the State of Hawaii
ALOHA A Long-term Oligotrophic Habitat Assessment
ALOHA Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres
ALOS Advanced Land Observing Satellite
ALTA Active Long Term Archive
AM Adaptive Management
AM Amplitude Modulation
AM Accountability Measure
AMA Environmental Agency (CITMA)
AMANI Australian Marine Algal Name Index
AMARS Angsila Marine Animal Research Station (Thailand)
AMBIS Australian Marine Boundary Information System
AMBL Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory (Vancouver, BC, Canada)
AMBL Amakusa Marine Biological Laboratory
AMCAI Access to Marine Conservation for All International
AMCEN African Ministerial Conference on the Environment
AMCS Australian Marine Conservation Society
AmES Acropora millepora Expressed Sequence
AMESD African Monitoring of Environment and Sustainable Development
AMLC Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean
AMMA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis
AMME American Memorial Park (Guam)
AMNH American Museum of Natural History
AMO Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation
AMOC Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
AMOS Australian Meteorology and Oceanography Society
AMOVA Analysis of Molecular Variance
AMP American Memorial Park (Saipan, CNMI)
AMRF Algalita Marine Research Foundation
AMS American Meteorological Society
AMS Archive Management System (NODC)
AMSA Australian Marine Science Association
AMSAT Australian Marine Science and Technology
AMSEA Alaska Marine Safety Education Association
AMSL Akajima Marine Science Laboratory (Okinawa, Japan)
AMU Arab Maghreb Union
AN Acuario Nacional, Dominican Republic
ANBS Asian Network of Biological Sciences
ANCA Australian Nature Conservation Agency
ANCAT Andros Conservancy and Trust
ANCOVA Analysis of Covariance
ANDI    American Nitrox Divers Incorporated
ANDS Australian National Data Service
ANET Andaman and Nicobar environment Team
ANGAP Association Nationale pour la Gestion des Aires Protegees (Madagascar)
ANH National Agency of Hydrocarbons (Colombia)
ANILCA Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act
ANOA Advanced Notice of Arrival (U.S. Coast Guard)
ANOSIM Analysis of Similarity
ANOVA Analysis of Variance
ANS Aquatic Nuisance Species
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ANT Anguilla National Trust
ANU Australian National University
ANZECC Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council
AoA Assessment of Assessments (UNGA)
AOAT Atlantic Ocean Acidification Test-bed (NOAA)
AOBS Acousto-Optical Beam Splitter
AOC Area(s) of Concern
AOC American Oceans Campaign
AOC Appellation d’Origine Controlee
AODC Australian Oceanographic Data Center
AOGCM Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation Model
AOGCMs Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model
AOI Area of Impact
AOL Airborne Oceanographic Lidar
AOM Anaerobic Oxidation of Methane
AOML OAR's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA)
AOP Annual Operating Plan
AOSIS Alliance of Small Island States
AOSN Autonomous Ocean Sampling Network
AOU Apparent Oxygen Utilization
AP Advisory Panel
AP Advisory Panel (SAMFC)
AP-BON Asia-Pacific Biodiversity Observation Network
APA Australian Post-graduate Award
APA Administrative Procedure Act
APAI African Protected Areas Initiative
APAMO Association of Protected Areas Management Organizations (Belize)
APAR Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation
APC Areas of Particular Concern
APCEL Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law
APCRS Asia Pacific Coral Reef Symposium
APDRC Asia-Pacific Data Research Center
APE Available Potential Energy
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APES Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine System
APEX Autonomous Profiling Explorers
APFA Apalan Fishermen Association
APHA American Public Health Association
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
APHRODITE Asian Precipitation - Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation
API American Petroleum Institute
APLABES Apulian Plateau Bank Ecosystem Study
APN Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research
APNEP Albemarle-Pamlico National Estuarine Program
APNSB Assocation For the Protection of the Environment in St. Barts
APR Area for Preservation and Restoration
APS Adenosine 5´-phosphosulfate
APT Automatic Picture Transmission
APT All-Purpose Tool
AQRV Air Quality Related Values
Aqua NASA Earth Science Mission
AQUASTAT Information System on Water and Agriculture
AR Artificial Reef
AR4 Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC
AR5 Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC
ARA Acetylene Reduction Activity
ARAC Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability
ARAP Authority for Aquatic Resources (Panama)
ARB Aquarius Reef Base program
ARB Atoll Research Bulletin
ARC American Reef Coalition
ARC Aquatic Restoration and Conservation
ARC Australian Research Council
ARC Artificial Reef Committee
ARC Atlanta Reef Club
ARC Atlantic Reference Centre
ARCC Areas Resilient to Climate Change
ARCCD Australian River and Catchment Condition Database
ArcNLET ArcGIS Based Septic Tank Nitrogen Loading Model
ArcOD Arctic Ocean Biodiversity
ArcSWAT Arc GIS Soil and Water Assessment Tool
ARD Assessment and Restoration Division (NOAA)
ARDRA Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis
ARFF Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting
ARGO The Array for Real-time Geostrophic Oceanography
ARGOS Argos Data Collection and Position Location System
ARI Artificial Reefs, Inc.
ARIES Australian Resource Information and Environment Satellite
ARK Association of Reef Keepers (BVI)
ARL Air Resources Laboratory (NOAA)
ARM Adaptive Resource Management
ARMDES AIMS Reef Monitoring Data Entry System
ARMS Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures
ARNP Apo Reef Natural Park
ARNP Alacranes Reef National Park
ARPEGE Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
ARS Agricultural Research Service (USDA)
ARS Autonomous Replicating Sequence
ARSBC Artificial Reef Society of British Columbia
ARSHSL Archive of Rapidly-Sampled Hawaiian Sea Level
ARSNS Artificial Reef Society of Nova Scotia
ART Airborne Radiation Thermometer
ART Acropora Recovery Team
ARTS Annual Records of Tropical Systems
ARVAM Agence pour la Recherche et la Valorisation Marines
AS American Samoa
AS Academia Sinica (China)
ASAC Abaco Science Alliance Conference
ASAC American Samoa Administrative Code
ASAP Adaptive Sampling And Prediction
ASAR Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar
ASC Association of Systematics Collections (now Natural Science Collections Alliance)
ASCAT Advanced SCATterometer
ASCC American Samoa Community College
ASCI Area of Special Conservation Interest (EU)
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASCLME Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystems
ASCMP American Samoa Coastal Management Program
ASCRMP American Samoa Coral Reef Monitoring Program
ASDOC American Samoa Department of Commerce
ASDPR Department of Parks and Recreation (American Samoa)
ASE Arabian Seas Expedition
ASEA Aquifer Sector Area
ASEAMS Association of Southeast Asian Marine Scientists
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASEPA American Samoa Environmental Protection Agency
ASEZA Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority
ASFIS Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System
ASFPM Association of State Floodplain Managers
ASG American Samoa Government
ASGIS American Samoa Geographic Information System
ASH Aragonite Saturation Horizon
ASIH American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
ASIRC Aquatic Sciences Information Retrieval Center
ASLE Association for the Study of Literature and Environment
ASLO American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
ASM Academy of Sciences Malaysia
ASMA Antarctic Specially Managed Area
ASMO Assessment and Monitoring Committee (OSPAR)
ASOB American Samoa Observer Program
ASOC Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition
ASOS Automated Surface Observing System (FAA,DoD, NWS)
ASP Aspergillosis
ASP Amnesiac Shellfish Poisoning
ASP Adaptive Social Protection
ASPA Antarctic Specially Protected Area
ASPA American Samoa Power Authority
ASPRS American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
ASRAMP American Samoa Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program
ASTC Association of Science - Technology Centers
ASTM American Society of Testing and Materials
ASU Arizona State University
ASU Arkansas State University
ATA Atmosphere Absolute
ATB Adjustments-To-Base
ATBA Area to Be Avoided
ATBI All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory
ATCA 2-Amino- 2-Thiazoline-4-Carboxylic Acid
ATCC American Type Culture Collection
ATCF Automated Tropical Cyclone Forecasting (System)
ATDB Accession Tracking Data Base (NODC)
ATE Advanced Technological Education (NSF)
ATLSS Across Trophic Level System Simulation
ATM Awareness and Training Materials
AtN Atramentous Necrosis
ATOL Assembling the Tree Of Life
ATOMMS Active Temperature, Ozone and Moisture Microwave Spectrometer
ATONs Aids to Navigation
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate
ATREC Archbold Tropical Research and Education Center (Clemson U.)
ATRIS Along Track Reef Imaging System
ATS Algal Turf Scrubbing
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
ATSR Along-Track Scanning Radiometer
AUSAID Australian Agency for International Development
AusAID Australian Agency for International Development
AusCPR Australian Continuous Plankton Recorder
AusMus Australian Museum
AUTEC Atlantic Undersea Test and Evaluation Center (DoD)
AUV Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
AUVs Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
AVI Abandoned Vessel Inventory
AVIRIS Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer
AVISO Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic Data
AVP Abandoned Vessel Program (NOAA)
AVTAS AIMS Video Transect Analysis System
AWF African Wildlife Foundation
AWI Alfred Wegner Institute
AWI Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
AWIPS Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System
AWMS Animal Waste Management System
AWOS Automated Weather Observing System (FAA)
AWQC Ambient water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic life
AWWA American Waterworks Association
AZA American Zoo and Aquarium Association
AZMP Atlantic Zone Monitoring Program (BIO/Canada)
AZOMP Atlantic Zone Off-Shelf Monitoring Program (BIO/Canada)