This List of Acronyms and other Abbreviations was compiled from the coral, coral reef, marine tropical ecosystems, and related peer-reviewed literature, grey literature, and other written and electronic reports, including e-mail messages. The terms on the list number nearly 3,600 (as of February 2010) and continue to grow on a daily to weekly basis. CoRIS invites readers to suggest additional acronyms and abbreviations via or

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Acronyms A - Z Pages

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G Guanine
G&O Goals and Objectives (Coral Reef Conservation Program)
GA Growth Anomaly
GABMP Great Australian Bight Marine Park
GAC Global Area Coverage
GADTC Guam Aquaculture Development and Training Center (UOG)
GAFC Great Annual Fish Count (REEF)
GAG Glass to Altered-Glass
GAIN Global Adaptation Alliance
GALS Giant African Land Snail
GAM Generalized Additive Model
GAME Geospatial Assessment of Marine Ecosystems (FWRI)
GANs Global Action Networks
GAO Government Accountability Office
GAPDH Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase
GARM Groundfish Assessment Review Meeting
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GAW Global Atmosphere Watch
GB Gigabase Pairs
gb gigabyte
GBF Global Biodiversity Forum
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
GBO Global Biodiversity Outlook
GBR Great Barrier Reef
GBRDS Global Biodiversity Resources Discovery System (GBIF)
GBRMP Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
GBRMPA Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
GBROOS Great Barrier Reef Ocean Observing System
GBRRF Great Barrier Reef Research Foundation
GBRWHA Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area
GC Gas Chromatography
GC Green Canyon
GC General Council (NOAA)
GC/MS Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer
GCA Groundfish Conservation Area
GCAM Global Change Assessment Model
GCC Gulf Corporation Council
GCC Global Climate Change Program
GCC Global Carbon Cycle
GCDD Global Coral Disease Database
GCDIS Global Change Distributed Information System
GCDIS Global Change Data and Information Management System
GCEF Guam and Chamorro Educational Facility
GCEL General Council for Enforcement and Litigation
GCF General Counsel Fisheries (NOAA)
GCFI Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute
GCI Global Change Institute (UQ)
GCM Global Climate Models
GCM General Circulation Model
GCMD Global Change Master Directory (NASA)
GCMP Guam Coastal Management Program
GCOOS Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System
GCOOS-RA GCOOS Regional Association
GCOS Global Climate Observing System
GCOS Global Climate Observing System
GCPO LCC Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks Landscape Conservation Cooperative
GCRA Global Coral Reef Alliance
GCRCGP General Coral Reef Conservation Grants Program (CRCP/NOAA)
GCRI Guam Coral Reef Initiative
GCRICC Guam Coral Reef Initiative Coordinating Committee
GCRIPAC Guam Coral Reef Initiative Policy Advisory Committee
GCRMN Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network
GCRP Global Change Research Program
GCW Global Compendium of Weeds
GDAC Global Data Assembly Center
GDIs Gross Domestic Investments
GDNR Georgia Department of Natural Resources
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GDR Geophysical Data Record
GDRI Groupement de Recheche Internationale
GE-BICH IODE Group of Experts on Biological and Chemical Data Management and Exchange Practices
GEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans
GEC Green Electronics Council
GEF Global Environment Fund
GEF Global Environment Facility (established within the World Bank)
GEIC Global Environmental Information Centre (UN)
GELTSPAP Group of Experts on Long-Term Scientific Policy and Planning (IOC)
GEMIM Group of Experts on Marine Information Management (IODE)
GEMPA-EA Group of Experts in Marine Protected Areas for Eastern Africa
GEMS Global Environmental Monitoring System
GENIE Grid Enabled Integrated Earth System Model
GEO Group on Earth Observations
GEO Geosynchronous Orbit
GEO Global Environment Outlook
GEO BON Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network
GEO-IDE Global Earth Observation-Integrated Data Environment
GEOHAB Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms
GEONETCast A global network of satellite based data dissemination systems providing environmental data to a world-wide user community.
GEOS Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
GEOSECS Geochemical Ocean Section Study
GEOSS Global Environment Observation System of Systems
GEOSTAR Geophysical and Oceanographic Station for Abyssal Research
GeoTIFF Georeferenced Tagged Image File Format
GEPA Guam's Environmental Protection Agency
GERG Geochemical and Environmental Research Group
GERM Geochemical Earth Reference Model
GESAMP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection
GF Groundfish
GFCM General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean
GFCS Global Framework for Climate Services
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research)
GFDL-CM2 Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory - Coupled Model version 2 (NOAA)
GFNMS Gulf of the Farallones National marine Sanctuary
GFP Green Fluorescent Protein
GFSP Groundfish Fishery Strategic Plan
GG Geology and Geophysics
GH gear hours
GHG Green House Gas
GHHS Global Self-Consistent, Hierarchical, High-Resolution Shoreline Database
GHM Global Hydrological Model
GHML Gas Hydrate Markup Language
GHR-CAPS Global Health Research Capacity Strengthening Program (Canada)
GHRSST Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature
GHRSST-PP GODAE High Resolution SST Pilot Project
GI Grand Isle
GIBS George Institute for Biodiversity and Sustainability
GIF Graphics Interchange Format
GIFA Governing International Fishery Agreement
GIN Global Islands Network
GIPME Global Investigation of Pollution in the Marine Environment (IOC Scientific Committee)
GIRM Marine Resources Research Group
GIS Geographical Information System; Global Information System
GIS Greenland Ice Sheet
GISD Global Invasive Species Database
GISI Global Invasive Species Initiative
GISP Global Invasive Species Programme
GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA)
GISTEMP Goddard Institute for Space Studies Surface Temperature Analysis
GIT Georgia Institute of Technology
GIWA Global International Waters Assessment
GL Great Lakes
GLADA Global Land Degradation Assessment and Improvement
GLC Gas-Liquid Chromatography
GLERL Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (NOAA)
GLISA Great Lakes Integrated Sciences and Assessments
GLISPA Global Island Partnership
GLM General Linear Model
GLMEM Generalized Linear Mixed Effect Model
GloBallast Global Ballast Water Management Programme
GLOBE Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment
GLOBEC Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics Research Program
GLOF Glacier Lake Outburst Flood
GLOMIS Global Mangrove Database and Information System
GLORIA Geological LOng-Range Inclined Asdic side-scan sonar
GLOS Great Lakes Observing System
GLOSS Global Sea-Level Observing System
GLWQA Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
GM Genetically modified
GMAC Global Marine and Arctic Programme (IUCN)
GMAF Guam Marine Awareness Foundation
GMAO Global Modeling and Assimilation Office
GmbH Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (Company with Limited Liability)
GMBIS Gulf of Maine Biogeographic Information System
GMD Global Monitoring Division (NOAA)
GMFMC Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council
GMI Global Marine Initiative
GMO Genetically Modified Organism
GMOs Genetically Modified Organisms
GMP Grouper Moon Project
GMP General Management Plan
GMP Global Marine Program
GMPAs Grenada Marine Protected Areas
GMR Galapagos Marine Reserve
GMS Grocott-Gomori's Methenamine Silver Stain
GMSA Global Marine Species Assessment
GMSL Global Mean Sea Level
GMSLR Global Mean Sea Level Rise
GMSROSP Gulf of Maine Strategic Regional Ocean Science Plan
GMST Global Mean Surface Temperature
GMT Global Mean Temperature
GMT Greenwich Mean Time (Zulu or Coordinated Universal Time)
GMT Groundfish Management Team.
GMU George Mason University
GND Grama Niladari Divisions
GNDB Geographic Names Database
GNET Global Network of Environment and Technology
GNGS Gulfstream Natural Gas Systems
GNIS Geographic Names Information System
GNMPA Grenadines Network of Marine Protected Areas
GNOME General NOAA Oil Modeling Environment
GNP Gross National Product
GNP Guadeloupe National Park (Parc national de la Guadeloupe)
gNPP Global NPP
GNS GEOnet Names Server
GOA Gulf of Alaska
GoB Government of Belize
GOBI Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative
GoC Government of Cuba
GODAE Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment
GODAR Project Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (NOAA)
GODC Ghana Oceanographic Data Centre
GOE Great Oxidation Event
GOEF Department of Environment and Forests (India)
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
GOG Government of Grenada
GOI Government of Indonesia
GOL Global Ocean Legacy (PEG)
GoM Gulf of Mannar
GOM & CR Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean
GoM-HYCOM Gulf of Mexico Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (RSMAS)
GoMA Census of Marine Life Gulf of Maine Area Program
GOMA Gulf of Mexico Alliance
GoMAP Gulf of Maine Areas Program
GOMBRT Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Trust
GoMEX Census of Marine Life Gulf of Mexico Area Program
GOMEX Gulf of Mexico
GoMOOS Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System
GoMRC Gulf of Mexico Regional Collaboration Team
GoMRCT Gulf of Mexico Regional Coordinating Team )
GOODS Global Open Oceans and Deep Sea-habitats
GOOS Global Ocean Observing System
GOOS-IOS GOOS – Initial Observing System
GOS Global Observing System
GOS Global Ocean Sampling Expedition
GOS Geospatial One Stop
GOSIC Global Observings Systems Information Center
GOSTA Global Ocean Surface Temperature Atlas
GOSUD Global Ocean Surface Underway Data
GOTM General Ocean Turbulence Model
GoV Government of Vietnam
GovGuam Government of Guam
GP General Permit
GP Great Pond Bay watershed
GPA Global Program of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (UNEP)
GPCC Global Precipitation Climatology Centre
GPD Gallons Per Day
GPN Groupe de Plongée Narbonnais
GPO GOOS Planning Office
GPP Gross Primary Productivity
GPRA Government Performance and Results Act of 1993
GPS Global Positioning System
GPSRO Global Positioning System Radio Occultation
GPTK GIS Portal Toolkit (Smithsonian Institution)
GPW Gridded Population of the World
GR Growth Rate
GR Green Reef (Belize)
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GrADS Grid Analysis and Display System
GRAMED Global and Regional Assessments of the Marine Environment Database (UNEP)
GRC Gerace Research Centre (COB)
GRDC Global Runoff Data Centre (Germany)
GREAT Gulf Reef Environmental Action Team
GREI Green Reef Environmental Institute (Belize)
GRFP Graduate Research Fellowship Program
GRID Global Resource Information Database
GRMR Glover's Reef Marine Reserve (Belize)
GRMRS Glover's Reef Marine Research Station (Belize)
GRNMS Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary
GRT GrossRegistered Tons
GRULAC Group of Latin American and the Caribbean
GS Governance Structures
GSA Geological Society of America
GSA Grouper Spawning Aggregation
GSA General Services Administration
GSAP-NHC Global Strategy and Action Plan for further mobilisation of Natural History Collections data worldwide (GBIF).
GSC GOOS Steering Committee
GSF Generic Sensor Format
GSF Gross Square Feet
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
GSI Gonadosomatic Index
GSI Geological Survey of Israel
GSI Genetic Stock Identification
GSICS Global Space-based Intercalibration System (NOAA)
GSMFC Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission
GSN Global Seismic Network
GSST GODAE Scientific Steering Team
GST Glutathione S-Transferase
GtC Gigaton Carbon
GTI Global Taxonomy Initiative; Global Taxonomic Iniative
GTMNER Guano Tolomato Matanzas National Estuarine Reserve
GTOS Global Terrestrial Observing System
GTP Global Temperature Potential or Global Temperature Change Potential
GTS Global Telecommunications System
GTSPP Global Temperature-Salinity Profile Program (also Global Temperature-Salinity Pilot Project)
GU Guam
GUI Graphical User Interface
GulfFIN Gulf Fisheries Information Network
GURTs Genetic Use Restriction Technologies
GVB Guam Visitors Bureau
GVI Global Vision International
GWA Guam Waterworks Authority
GWP Global Warming Potential