This List of Acronyms and other Abbreviations was compiled from the coral, coral reef, marine tropical ecosystems, and related peer-reviewed literature, grey literature, and other written and electronic reports, including e-mail messages. The terms on the list number nearly 3,600 (as of February 2010) and continue to grow on a daily to weekly basis. CoRIS invites readers to suggest additional acronyms and abbreviations via or

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Acronyms A - Z Pages

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P.L. Public Law
P2 Pollution Prevention
P2P Peer to Peer
PA Public Affairs
PA Poverty Alleviation (re: effects on biodiversity)
PA Photoactivation
PA Planch'Alizé (Reunion)
PA Precautionary Approach
PA&E Program Analysis and Evaluation (NOAA)
PAAFR Public Authority for Agriculture Affairs and Fish Resource (Kuwait)
PACC Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change Project
PacFIN Pacific Coast Fisheries Information Network
PacIOOS Pacific Islands Integrated Ocean Observing System
PaCIS Pacific Climate Information System
PaCIS Pacific Islands Climate Information System
PacMARA Pacific Marine Analysis and Research Association
PACN Pacific Island Network
PaCOOS Pacific Coast Ocean Observing System (of the California current Large Marine Ecosystem)
PACRC Pacific Aquaculture and Coastal Resource Center
PACS Pan American Climate Studies
PAD Peoples Action for Development
PADDD Protected Area Downgrading, Downsizing, and Degazettement
PADI Professional Association of Diving Instructors
PAFP Photoactivatable Fluorescent Protein
PAG Port Authority of Guam
PAGDSS The Protected Area Gap Decision Support System
PAGIS Protected Areas GIS
PAH Polycylic Aromatic Hydrocarbon
PAHO Pan American Health Organization
PAHs Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
PALSNP Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park
PAM Passive Acoustic Monitoring
PAM Pulse Amplitude Modulation
PAMB Protected Area Management Board
PAME Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment
PAMs Policies and measures
PAN Protected Areas Network
PAO Pacific Area Office
PAR Photosynthetically Active Radiation
PARADIGM PARtnership for Advancing Interdisciplinary Global Modeling
PARB Protected Areas and Resources Branch (NCCOS/NOAA)
PARC Palmyra Atoll Research Consortium
PARC Protected Areas Conservation
PART Program Assessment Rating Tool
PAS Protected Areas System
PASTA Pacific/Atlantic Sea Turtle Assessment
PAT Program Assessment Team
PATOMAC Programa de Aprendizaje Técnico en mediciones del Medio Ambiente Costero para América Latina y el Caribe
PATT Priority Area Task Team (NOAA)
PB Petabyte
PBDC Pacific Basin Development Council
PBDEs Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers
PBHMP Piti Bomb Holes Marine Preserve (Guam)
PBIF Pacific Biodiversity information Forum
PBIN Pacific Basin Information Node (NBII)
PBP Phycobiliprotein
PBPA Portland Bight Protected Area
PBR Potential Biological Removal
PBRC Pacific Biosciences Research Center (UH)
PC Protectores de Cuencas
PC 1, 2, 3 Principle Component Axis 1, 2, and 3
PCA Principal Components Analysis
PCAST President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology
PCB Polychlorinated biphenyl
PCBs Poly-Chlorinated Biphenyls
PCC Palau Community College
PCCRC Purdue Climate Change Research Center
PCE Primary Constituent Element
PCE Perchloroetene
PCF Philippe Cousteau Foundation
PCFMP Precious Corals Fishery Management Plan
PCIC Paired Comparisons Information Criteria
PCLSP Pelican Cay Land and Sea Park
PCMUS Precious Corals Management Unit Species
PCO Program Coordination Office (NOAA)
pCO2 Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide
pCO2aq Seawater Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure
pCO2atm Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure
PCOC Photorespiratory Carbon Oxidation Cycle
PCP Peridinim Chlorophyll a Protein
PCPT Precious Corals Plan Team
PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction
PCR Project Completion Report
PCRA Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment
PCRF Palau Coral Reef Foundation
PCRF Planetary Coral Reef Foundation
PCS Palau Conservation Society
PCSP Permanent Commission for the South Pacific
PCSU Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit
PD&E Process Development and Engineering
PDA Primary Data Archive (BOLD)
PDB Protein Data Bank
PDC Personal Dive Computer
PDC Pacific Disaster Center
PDF Portable Document Format
PDF Project Development Fund
PDF Product Density Function
PDM Program Decision Memorandum
PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation
PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index
PDV Punta del Viento Estates
PDWG Pathology of Diseases Working Group (Coral Health and Disease in the Pacific Workshop)
PDZA Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium
PEA Programmatic Environmental Assessment
PEA Program Environmental Assessment
PEAC Pacific ENSO Applications Center
PEARL Pacific Equatorial Atoll Research Laboratory
PED Pound-net Escape Device
PEEN Pan-European Ecological Network
PEET Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy
PEFMP Pelagic Ecosystem Fishery Management Plan
PEG Pew Environment Group
PEGASUS An ocean current profiling system (not an acronym)
PEI Princeton Environmental Institute
PEI Port Everglades Inlet
PEIN Pacific Environment Information Network
PEIS Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement
PEM Pressure Equalized Module
PEMSEA Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia
PEO Presidential Executive Order
PERMANOVA Permutational Multivariate Analysis of Variance
PERSGA Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden; Program of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
PERSGA Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
PES Payments for Ecosystem Services
PES Progressive Environmental Solutions (Bonaire)
PESC Port Everglades Shipping Channel
PESETA Projections of Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Sectors of Europe Based on Bottom-Up Analysis
PET Potential Evapotranspiration
PETM Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum
PFA Priority Funding Area
PFAD Personal (or Private) Fish Aggregation Device
PFB Parrotfish Bite
PFD Photon Flux Density
PFEG Pacific Fisheries Environmental Group (NOAA)
PFEL Pacific Fisheries Environmental Laboratory (NOAA)
PFFA Palau Federation of Fishing Association (Palau)
PFMC Pacific Fishery Management Council
PFMP Pelagic Fishery Management Plan
PFRP Pelagic Fisheries Research Program
PFRU Peninsular Florida Recovery Unit
PFSST Oceans Pathfinder Program
Pg/l picograms/liter
PGC Plankton Grouping Code (NOAA)
PGCE Postgraduate Certificate in Education
PGEM Maritime Area Management Plan (Moorea)
PGM Global Environmental Fund/Phoenix Islands Protected Area Management Group
PGRFA Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
PHA Pearl and Hermes Atoll
PHCRT Potentially Harvested Coral Reef Taxa
PHLP Pearl Harbor Legacy Project
PHM Predictive Habitat Model
PHMR Port Honduras Marine Reserve (Belize)
PHNSY Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard
PhOD Physical Oceanography Division (NOAA/AOML)
PHR Pearl and Hermes Reef
PHS Priority Habitats and Species Program (WDFW)
PI Point Intercept
PI Principal Investigator
PI Probability of Identity
PI GOOS Pacific Island GOOS
PIACC Ibero-American Programme on Adaptation to Climate Change
PIAO Pacific Islands Area Office
PIBHMC Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (NOAA/SOEST)
PIC Pacific Island Country
PIC Partners in Conservation
PIC Particulate Inorganic Carbon
PICCC Pacific Island Climate Change Collaborative
PICCVL Pacific Islands Climate Change Virtual Library (NOAA)
PICES North Pacific Marine Science Organization
PICRC Palau International Coral Reef Centre
PICRC Palau International Coral Reef Center
PICs Pacific Island Countries
PICTs Pacific Island Countries and Territories
PIER Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
PIER Pfleger Institute of Environmental Research
PIERC Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center (USGS)
PIFG Pacific Islands Fisheries Group
PIFSC Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (NOAA)
PIFSC-CRED Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center's Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (NOAA)
PII Pacific Invasives Initiative
PILN Pacific Invasives Learning Network
PIMPAC Pacific Islands Marine Protected Areas Community
PIMPAC Pacific Islands Managed and Protected Area Community (NOAA)
PIMRIS Pacific Islands Marine Resources Information System
PIMS Perry Institute for Marine Science
PIN Pacific Island network
PINWF Pine Island National Wildlife Refuge
PIP Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Republic of Kiribati), also PIPA
PIP Project Implementation Plan
PIPA Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Kiribati)
PIPA Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Republic of Kiribati): also PIP
PIPS Precision Ion Polishing System
PIR Protein Information Resource
PIR Pacific Islands Region (NOAA)
PIR Project Implementation Report
PIR-PSD PIR-International Protein Sequence Database
PIRO Pacfic Islands Regional Office (NOAA)
PIROP Pacific Islands Regional Observer Program
PIRS NOAA Program Information Reporting System
PISCES Population Interdependencies in the South China Sea project
PISCO Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans
PISM Pacific Invasives Initiative
PIT Passive Integrated Transponder
PIWI Pacific Island Watershed Institute
PJAC Pet Joint Advisory Council
PKO Protect Kaho‘olawe Ohana
PLA Participatory Learning and Action
PLB Personal Locator Beacon
PLF Pingo-like-feature
PLGU Provincial Local Government Unit
PLMR Protected Living Marine Resource
PLoS Public Library of Science
PLTX Palytoxin
PlyMBODy Plymouth Marine Bio-Optical Databuoy
PM Particulate Matter
PM Project Manager
PM&E Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation
PM2.5 Particulate Matter with Aerodynamic Diameter
PMA President's Management Agenda
PMA Pitons Management Area
PMAIB Programa de Manejo Ambiental de Islas de la Bahia
PMC Phoenix Islands Protected Area Management Committee
PMCC Pacific Marine Conservation Council
PME Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation
PMEL Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (NOAA)
PML Plymouth Marine Laboratory
PMN Phytoplankton Monitoring Network
PMNM Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
PMO Project Management Office
PMO-COREMAP Project Management Office - Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project
PMP Preliminary Management Plan
PMRI Pacific Marine Resources Institute (CNMI)
PMT Project Management Team (NOAA)
PMUS Pelagic Management Unit Species
PMZCPR Programa de Manejo de la Zona Costanera de Puerto Rico (Coastal Zone Management Program of Puerto Rico)
PN Pseudo-Nitzschia
PNA Parties to the Nauru Agreement
PNA Peptide Nucleic Acid
PNA Pacific North Atlantic Teleconnection Pattern
PNAA Parque Nacional Arrecife Alacranes
PNAOCI Colombian Environmental Ocean, Insular and Coastal Zones Policy
PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA)
PNAX Parque Nacional Arrecifes de Xcalak
PNCOIMPCPN Parque Marino Nacional Costa Occidental de Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc
PNG Papua-New Guinea
PNIC Cocos Island National Park (Costa Rica)
PNIC Parque Nacional Isla Contoy (Mexico)
PNK Putri Naga Komodo (a not-for-profit company in Indonesia)
PNP Philippine National Police
PNR Passenger Name Record
PNR Pacuare Nature Reserve (Costa Rica)
PNRC Palau Natural Resources council
PNUD Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarollo; United Nations Program for Development (UNDP)
PNW Pacific Northwest
PO People’s Organization
PO.DAAC NASA JPL/Caltech Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center
POAMA Predictive Ocean Atmosphere Model for Australia
POC Picciolo Ocean Consultants
POC Physical Oceanography and Climate Committee (PICES)
POC Point of Contact
POC Particulate Organic Carbon
POEBA Plan de Ordenamiento para el Uso de Embarcaciones y el Establecimiento de Boyas De Amarre (Management Plan for the Use of Vessels and the Establishment of Mooring Buoys, Puerto Rico)
POES Polar orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (NOAA)
POES Polar orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite
POGO Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans
PokMasWas Community Groups Supervisors (Indonesia)
POL Pacific Oceanographic Laboratory (NOAA)
POM Particulate Organic Matter
POM Princeton Ocean Model
POP Persistent Organic Pollutant
POP Program Operation Plan
POP Pelagic Observer Program
POPs Persistent Organic Pollutants
POR Protect Our Reef (Florida)
PORF Pacific Ocean Research Foundation
PORTS Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (NOAA)
POSIDIN Portal for Oceanographic Services for IOOS Data and information
POST Pacific Ocean Shelf Tracking Project
POV Personally Operated Vehicle
PoWPA Program of Work on Protected Areas
pp primer pair
PP- CII Pacific Plan of the Cooperative Island Initiative for Invasive Species
PPA Pollution Prevention Act
PPB Parts Per Billion
PPBES Planning, Programming, Budgeting, Execution System (NOAA)
PPCP Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Product
PPDRDG Provisional Peoples' Democratic Republic of Diego Garcia
PPE Palau Pacific Energy, Inc.
PPI Program Planning and Integration (NOAA)
PPi Pyrophosphate
PPI Office of Policy, Planning and Integration (NOAA)
PPM Participatory Photo Mapping
PPM Parts per Million
PPMV Parts per Million by Volume
PPO Prophenolixidase
PPT Parts per Thousand
PPWG Physiology & Pathology Working Group (Coral Health and Disease in the Pacific Workshop)
PQ Plastoquinone
PR Protected Resources
PR Puerto Rico
PR Patch Reef
PR Private Reserve
PR SEA GRANT Puerto Rico College Sea Grant Program
PRA Paperwork Reduction Act
PRASA Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority
PRBD Protected Resources and Biodiversity Division (SEFSC/NOAA)
PRCM Regional Conservation Programme for the Coastal and Marine Zone of West Africa
PRCT Puerto Rico Conservation Trust
PRCZMP Puerto Rico Coastal Zone Management Program
PRD Protected Resources Division (NMFS/NOAA)
PRDNER Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources
PREB Pacific Region Executive Board
PRECI Protected Resources Environmental Compliance Initiative
PREL Pacific Resources for Education and Learning
PRFC Pacific Rim Fisheries Conference
PRH Pacific Region Headquarters
PRHTA Puerto Rico Highways and Transportation Authority
PRIAs Pacific Remote Island Areas
PRICIP Pacific Region Integrated Climatology Information Products (NOAA)
PRIME Plastics Removal in Marine Environment (DoD)
PRIMENet Park Research & Intensive Monitoring of Ecosystems Network
PRIMNM Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
PRiMO Pacific Risk Management 'Ohana
PRISM Puget Sound Regional Synthesis Model
PROARCA Regional Environment Project for Central America
PROCFish Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries
PROCFish/C PROCfish Coastal Project
PROFEPA Procuraduria Federal de Proteccion al Ambiente
PROP Pacific Regional Ocean Partnership
PRSN Puerto Rico Seismic Network
PRTC Puerto Rico Tourism Company
PRWQSR Puerto Rico Water Quality Standards Regulations
PS Point Source Pollution
PS Producer Surplus
PS Program Support
PS Project Seahorse
PSA Phycological Society of America
PSA Public Service Announcement
PSA Pacific Science Association
PSAI Pacific Science Association Intercongress
PSC Pacific Services Center (NOAA)
PSC Pacific Science Congress
PSC Pacific Salmon Commission
pSCI proposed Sites of Community Interest (EU)
PSD Protein Sequence Database
PSD Priority Setting Document
PSD Protected Species Division (NOAA)
PSEPA Point Sable Environmental Protection Area
PSG Professional Specialty Group (NOAA)
PSG Pacific Seabird Group
PSI Photosystem I
PSI Pacific Science Inter-congress
PSI Protein Structure Initiative
PSI Pounds per Square Inch
PSIDS Pacific Small Island Developing States
PSII Photosystem II
PSMFC Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
PSMP Public Sector Modernization Programme (Jamaica)
PSP Protected Species Program
PSP Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
PSP Priority Setting Process
PSSA Particularly Sensitive Sea Area
PST Paralytic Shellfish Toxin
PSU Pennsylvania State University
PSU Primary Sampling Unit
PSU Prince of Songkla University (Thailand)
PSU Portland State University
PSU Practical Salinity Units
PSU Photosynthetic Units
PSZ Protected Species Zone
PTGS Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthase
PTM Particulate Trace Metals
PTP PicoTiterPlate
PTWC Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (NOAA)
PUA Possible Unauthorized Activity
PUFA Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
PUSWD Porites Ulcerative White Spot Disease
PUWS Porites ulcerative white spot Disease
PV Plan Vivo
PV Photovoltaic
PVA Population Viability Analysis
PVC Polyvinyl chloride
PVDF Polyvinylidene Fluoride
PVDF Polyvinyldiene Difluoride
PWC Personal Water Craft
PWR-HNL Pacific West Region- Honolulu
PWRO Pacific West Regional Office
PYC Pacific Youth Council
PYOCR Pacific Year of the Coral Reef
PYSO PIFSC Young Scientist Opportunity
PZA Penghu Zooxanthellae Association