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Black Mangrove  - Avicennia germinans
Photo by Nancy Diersing

The black mangrove has hanging aerial roots, and pneumatophores, or upward growing extensions of its underground roots that break the water's surface. The bark is dark gray to brown and is relatively thick and scaly.

Black Mangrove
(Avicennia germinans)

Florida, Bermuda, Bahamas, West Indies, Gulf of Mexico to Brazil and Ecuador

Tidal shores, marshes, estuaries



The status of this species is representative of the populations within the waters of this Sanctuary only, not global populations.

Quick Fact
The black mangrove excretes salt through holes on the underside of its leaves.

Learn More
- Purdue University
- Ocean Oasis Field Guide
- Florida Agriculture