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Goliath Grouper  - Epinephelus itajara
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The goliath grouper have a brown to olive-green body with dark spots over its body and fins. They grow to 4-8 feet and live between 10-100 feet deep. They are typically shy but have been known to charge divers on rare occasion. The goliath grouper used to be fairly common but has been greatly reduced due to spear fishing.

Goliath Grouper
(Epinephelus itajara)

Western Atlantic: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas to Brazil, Gulf of Mexico, Eastern Atlantic off Africa, Eastern Pacific from Gulf of California to Peru

Caves, wrecks and under ledges

Crustaceans (spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabs), fishes, octopus, and young sea turtles


The status of this species is representative of the populations within the waters of this Sanctuary only, not global populations.

Quick Fact
The goliath grouper, also known as the jewfish, is the largest fish found around reefs and can grow to 8 feet in length.

Learn More
- Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History
- FishBase