Both plants and algae are primary producers, forming the base of the food web in the ocean. Common plants found in the sanctuary include seagrasses and mangroves. Seagrasses are flowering plants that live underwater. They produce oxygen during photosynthesis, provide habitat for marine animals, and are a food source for several species. Mangroves are trees that thrive in salty environments because they are able to obtain freshwater from saltwater by secreting salt or blocking salt absorption. Mangroves are extremely important and serve many functions. They provide nursery habitat for young fish, crustaceans and shellfish, food for a multitude of marine species, and act as shelter, rookeries or feeding areas for many coastal bird species.

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